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Ansattprofil

Knut Sogner

Professor - Institutt for rettsvitenskap og styring

Publikasjoner

Sogner, Knut (2021)

The Rise and Fall of Managerial Capitalism in Norway, 1895-1940

Sogner, Knut & Colli, Andrea (red.). The Emergence of Corporate Governance: People, Power & Performance

Sogner, Knut & Colli, Andrea (2021)

The Emergence of Corporate Governance: People, Power & Performance

Routledge.

Sogner, Knut (2021)

Creating and Protecting paths. Learning in an entrepreneurial state

Enterprise & Society Doi: 10.1017/eso.2021.54

This paper discusses how a Norwegian entrepreneurial state has performed over more than seventy years, based on an analysis of state involvement in Kongsberg Våpenfabrikk/the Kongsberg Group from 1945 and to 2015. Mariana Mazzucato has argued that bold technological investments by the state has long-term beneficial effects. The development of the Kongsberg companies adds nuance to this picture. On the one hand, the defense company Kongsberg Våpenfabrikk failed as a company in 1987 and was unbundled into a number of new companies independent of one another. On the other hand, some of the successor companies have been very successful, both in the oil and gas sector and within defense. Taking the defense and oil and gas company the Kongsberg Group as a case, this paper argues that a new style of entrepreneurial state developed in the 1990s and that it proved very successful. The old entrepreneurial state was heavy-handed, bold, and very long-term in its aims; the new entrepreneurial state was cautious, many-headed, and worked through the management of the company. The new entrepreneurial state combined state ownership, stock listing, and procurement considerations and was supported by both the Ministry of Industry and the Ministry of Defense. This new governance structure facilitated a stable corporation that over time integrated other Norwegian maritime electronics companies, which themselves had a checkered history under the old entrepreneurial state. A new corporate governance regime emerged and managed both to protect old and established product lines and to facilitate innovation both in defense and maritime electronics.

Sogner, Knut (2018)

Creativity, innovation, and the production of wealth

Heath, Eugene; Kaldis, Byron & Marcoux, Alexei (red.). The Routledge Companion to Business Ethics

This chapter offers an historic introduction to the broad field of innovation studies with an eye towards ethical matters. Four fundamental issues are highlighted. In the first section, I delineate how the concept of innovation has little place within the framework of standard economic models, yet innovation is crucial to the total economy. In the second section, I take up some theoretical approaches, emerging in the 1980s, that construe the phenomena of innovation as occurring within specific circumstances. This is the “interactive” approach. In the subsequent section, I focus on how innovation has been seen, by some, to be institutionalized within the large corporation or, in other cases, within clusters of small companies or even the nation state, noting as well how some scholars have argued for cultural or ethical frameworks as catalysts of innovation. In the final section, I canvas some of the debate as to whether or why innovation has failed to return economic growth to the wealthy nations.

Sogner, Knut (2016)

Ressursbedrifter og naturressurser

Sogner, Knut; Lie, Einar & Aven, Håvard Brede (red.). Entreprenørskap i næringsliv og politikk. Festskrift til Even Lange

Sogner, Knut; Lie, Einar & Aven, Håvard Brede (2016)

Entreprenørskap i næringsliv og politikk. Festskrift til Even Lange

Novus Forlag.

Sogner, Knut (2015)

Constructive power

Fellman, Susanna; Iversen, Martin Jes, Sjøgren, Hans & Lars, Thue (red.). Creating Nordic Capitalism (Korean translation)

Sogner, Knut (2014)

Hvem var forretningsmennene?

Ekberg, Espen; Lønnborg, Mikael & Myrvang, Christine (red.). Næringsliv og historie

Sogner, Knut & Petersen, Tine (2014)

Strategiske samspill: Kongsberg Gruppens historie 1987-2014

Pax Forlag.

Sogner, Knut (2012)

Ancestor or Inheritor? Johan H. Andresen (1888-1963) and his capitalist family

Perlinge, Anders & Sjøgren, Hans (red.). Biographies of the Financial World

Sogner, Knut (2012)

Andresens. En familie i norsk økonomi og samfunnsliv gjennom to hundre år

Pax Forlag.

Sogner, Knut (2009)

Innovation as Adaptation: The Digital Challenge in the Norwegian Fishing Industry, 1970-1985

Business History Review, 83(2), s. 349- 367.

Sogner, Knut (2009)

Slow growth and revolutionary change : the Norwegian IT industry enters the global age, 1970-2005

Fagerberg, Jan; Mowery, David & Verspagen, Hubertus (red.). Innovation, path dependency and policy. The Norwegian case

Sogner, Knut (2008)

Constructive power. Elkem 1904-2004

Susanna Fellman, Martin Iversen, Hans Sjøgren, Lars Thue (eds): Creating the Nordic Model of Capitalism

Sogner, Knut (2008)

Changing transnational affections. Orkla, Elkem and Norwegian big business 1960-2004

Harm Schröter (ed.), The European Enterprise. Historical Investigation into a Future Species

Sogner, Knut (2007)

Næringspolitikkens betydning for fremveksten av norsk elektronikk- og IT-industri

Olav Spilling (red.), Kunnskap, næringsutvikling og innovasjonspolitikk

Sogner, Knut (2007)

Utvikling av næringssystemer - systemtilnærminger i et historisk perspektiv

Olav Spilling (red.), Kunnskap, næringsutvikling og innovasjonspolitikk

Sogner, Knut (2007)

The Fall and Rise of the Norwegian IT Industry in the Global Age, 1970-2005

Business History Review, 81(Winter), s. 709- 734.

Sogner, Knut (2006)

Lederkapitalisme og eierkapitalisme. Energiselskapet Hafslund formes

Fredrik Engelstad, Even Lange, Helge Pharo og Erik Rudeng (red.), Demokratisk konservatisme. Frihet, fremskritt, fred. Festskrift til Francis Sejersted

Sogner, Knut (2005)

Mineraler og metallurgiske metoder

Astrid Wale og Anne Kristine Børresen: Vitenskap og teknologi for samfunnet? Bergfagene som kunnskapsfelt

Sogner, Knut (2004)

The Rise and Fall of State Information Technology Planning ? or how Norwegian Planners Became Captains of Industry 1960-1990

Richard Coopey (ed.): Information Technology Policy ? An International History

Sogner, Knut (2004)

Gruveselskapet 1654-1973

Bergh, Espelig, Sogner: Brytningstider. Storselskapet Orkla 1654-2004

Sogner, Knut (2003)

Den norske IT-industrien fra krise til vekst 1975-2002

Helge Godø (red.): IKT etter dotcom-boblen

Amdam, Rolv Petter; Sogner, Knut, Kipping, Matthias & Tiratsoo, Nick (2002)

The Diffusion of American Organisational Models to Norwegian Industries 1945-1970

Americanisation in the 20th Century: Business, Culture, Politics

Sogner, Knut (2002)

Det norske næringsborgerskapet under den andre industrielle revolusjon

Historisk Tidsskrift (Norge), 81, s. 231- 251.

Christensen, Sverre & Sogner, Knut (2001)

Treforedlingsbedriften Dubrowka

Plankeadel. Kiær- og Solberg-familien under den 2. industrielle revolusjon

Sogner, Knut (2001)

Plankeadel - en storeiende families vekst og fall

?

Sogner, Knut (2001)

Blandingsøkonomien omorganiseres. Fra plan til marked

Amdam, Gran, Hansen, Sogner (red.): Markedsøkonomiens utvikling

Sogner, Knut (2001)

Schumpeter og den kreative kapitalismen

Amdam, Gran, Hansen, Sogner (red.): Markedsøkonomiens utvikling

Sogner, Knut (1998)

Småfolk i stor verden. Nycomed, Norge og globaliseringen av farma- søytisk industri

Globalisering - drivkrefter og konsekvenser. BI årbok 1998

Sogner, Knut; Travis, Anthony S., Morris, Peter, Schröter, Harm G. & Homburg, Ernst (1998)

Norwegian capitalist and the fertilizer business. The case of Hafslund and the Odda process

Determinants in the Evolution of the European Chemical Industry, 1900-1939: New Technologies, Political Frameworks, Markets and Companies

Sogner, Knut & Amdam, Rolv Petter (1998)

Mellomkrigstiden - markedsøkonomien i krise

Markedsøkonomiens utvikling - et kompendium

Sogner, Knut (2015)

Francis Sejersted (1936-2015)

Minervanett [Kronikk]

Sogner, Knut (2015)

Kongsbergmodellen

Dagens næringsliv [Kronikk]

Myrvang, Christine & Sogner, Knut (2014)

En god jubileumsstory

Dagens næringsliv [Kronikk]

Jari, Ojala & Sogner, Knut (1)

Re-collaborating in the Nordic economic history research community

Scandinavian Economic History Review [Kronikk]

Sogner, Knut (2021)

A national aluminium strategy diverted. Norwegian aluminium industry meets World War II

[Academic lecture]. Svenska Ekonomisk-Historiska Dagane.

Sogner, Knut (2021)

A national aluminium strategy diverted. Norwegian aluminium industry meets World War II, presented at aluminium session

[Academic lecture]. World Congress of Business History, Nagoya, Japan.

Sogner, Knut (2021)

Materialism and Economic History, innlegg på dr. gradskurset Materialism – Research School in History, May 26, Handelshøyskolen BI

[Academic lecture]. Doctoral seminar.

Sogner, Knut (2021)

En nasjonal aluminiumstrategi på avveie: Tom Fearnley og møtet med den tyske okkupasjonen

[Academic lecture]. Historiedagene.

Sogner, Knut (2019)

Bankrupted in the Baltic. The Fall of Norwegian Leadership in the Nordic Wood Industry 1910-28

[Academic lecture]. Economic History Meeting.

Sogner, Knut (2019)

Bankrupted in the Baltic. The Fall of Norwegian Leadership in the Nordic Wood Industry 1910-28

[Academic lecture]. European Business History Association.

Sogner, Knut (2019)

Bankrupted in the Baltic. The Fall of Norwegian Leadership in the Nordic Wood Industry 1910-28

[Academic lecture]. Business History Conference.

Sogner, Knut (2018)

All in the family. The rise and fall of managerial capitalism in Norway, 1895—1940

[Academic lecture]. The European Business History Association Annual meeting.

Sogner, Knut (2018)

All in the family. The rise and fall of managerial capitalism in Norway, 1895—1940

[Academic lecture]. World Economic History Congress.

Petersen, Tine & Sogner, Knut (2017)

Fremveksten av systemkompetanse i Kongsberg Våpenfabrikk

[Academic lecture]. Norske historiedager.

Sogner, Knut (2017)

Corporate strategy as obstacle. Nycomed and the fate of innovation in a commercial culture 1981—1994

[Academic lecture]. Annual EBHA conference.

Sogner, Knut & malonæs, tine (2017)

Fremveksten av systemkompetanse i Kongsberg Våpenfabrikk

[Academic lecture]. Historiedagene.

Sogner, Knut (2016)

In the shadow of Silicon Valley. The large corporation as solution to the challenges of a small IT agglomeration

[Academic lecture]. World Congress of Business History.

Sogner, Knut (2016)

Business History and Innovation

Joerg, Baten (red.). A History of the Global Economy. From 1500 to the Present

Sogner, Knut (2015)

Corporate Capabilities vs. Systems of innovation: How firms in Norway got to be innovative

[Academic lecture]. World Economic History Congress.

Sogner, Knut (2015)

From national strategy to business opportunities: Reaping the benefits of Norwegian military R&D 1945—2015

[Academic lecture]. “R&D de defense et innovation”.

Sogner, Knut (2015)

Building dynamic capabilities. The Kongsberg Group 1987—2014

[Academic lecture]. The Silicon Valley-Kongsberg workshop.

Hansen, Svein Olav; Amdam, Rolv Petter Storvik, Sogner, Knut & Gran, Haakon Herman (2005)

Markedsøkonomiens utvikling

[Textbook]. Fagbokforlaget.

Amdam, Rolv Petter; Gran, Haakon, Hansen, Svein Olav & Sogner, Knut (2005)

Markedsøkonomiens utvikling

[Scientific book]. Fagbokforlaget.

Bergh, Trond; Espeli, Harald & Sogner, Knut (2004)

Brytningstider. Storselskapet Orkla 1654-2004

[Scientific book]. Orion forlag.

Sogner, Knut (2003)

Skaperkraft. Elkem gjennom 100 år 1904-2004

[Scientific book]. Messel forlag.

Christensen, Sverre; Espeli, Harald, Larsen, Eirinn & Sogner, Knut (2003)

Kapitalistisk demokrati?

[Scientific book]. Gyldendal Akademisk.

Sogner, Knut (2002)

En liten brikke i et stort spill. Den norske IT-industrien fra krise til vekst 1975-2000

[Scientific book]. Fagbokforlaget.

Sogner, Knut (2001)

Plankeadel : Kiær og Solbergfamilien under den 2. industrielle revolusjon/... med bidrag av Sverre A. Christensen

[Scientific book]. Andresen & Butenschøn AS.

Amdam, Rolv Petter; Gran, Haakon, Hansen, Svein Olav & Sogner, Knut (2001)

Markedsøkonomiens utvikling

[Scientific book]. Fagbokforlaget.

Sogner, Knut (2000)

Norsk vininteresse i historisk perspektiv

[Article in business/trade/industry journal]. Vinforum

Akademisk grad
År Akademisk institusjon Grad
1996 University of Oslo Ph.D Dr. Philos.
Arbeidserfaring
År Arbeidsgiver Tittel
2001 - Present BI Norwegian Business School Professor
2011 - 2016 BI Norwegian Business School Head of Department
1997 - 2001 BI Norwegian Business School Associate Professor
1991 - 1997 BI Norwegian Business School Researcher
1990 - 1991 University of Oslo, Centre for Technology, Innovation and Culture Research Fellow