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Pål Nygaard

Forsker 2 - Institutt for rettsvitenskap og styring

Institutt for rettsvitenskap og styring

Biografi

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I am a business historian with special interest in the professional history of engineers, history of technology and management history. I have a masters degree from University of Oslo and PhD from Oslo University College of Applied Sciences. I wrote a master thesis on the engineers' role in Norsk Hydro, and expanded on the same topic with my PhD-thesis on the professional history of norwegian engineers. I have written a book on the history of the norwegian road administration 1912-1960.

In my research, I have an affinity towards ideal-typical concepts and transnational history. Currently, I am working on systems of innovation, digitalization and software history. In addition, I have a special interest in the history of road construction and traffic regulation, currently working on projects related to WW2 on this topic.

Publikasjoner

Åsgård, Tina & Nygaard, Pål (2019)

From Theoretical to Practical Competence on Health and Safety

Lill, Irene & Witt, Emlyn (red.). Volume 2 - 10th Nordic Conference on Construction Economics and Organization

Purpose The construction industry is considered worldwide to be a dangerous industry because of its high rate of fatal accidents and serious injuries. This study aims to find ways to improve this situation by focusing on how to improve competence on health and safety (H&S) among newly graduated construction engineers in Norway. Design/Methodology/Approach In Norway, the regional safety representatives (RSRs) are considered to be cornerstones in ensuring H&S in the construction industry. Information in this study was gathered by conducting semi-structured in-depth interviews with 15 RSRs. Findings The results show that RSRs believe that while construction engineers have sufficient theoretical competence on H&S; however, many seem to lack the practical competence needed to ensure and implement H&S measures. The informants underline the importance of work practice on construction sites as part of the education as key to improve H&S competence among graduates. Research Limitations/Implications Input on possible improvements is collected from only one group of stakeholders in the industry. Other stakeholders might have valuable input that should be considered before concluding what improvements in the education are most effective. Practical Implications The findings may help to decide upon and implement improvements in the education of construction engineers and, thus, contribute to a safer and healthier industry in the future. Originality/Value The stakeholder perspective of RSRs on education of construction engineers has not been considered in earlier research despite the fact that they represent vital competence on H&S in the construction industry. This study aims to fill some of this gap.

Nygaard, Pål (2018)

Institutt for atomenergi og digitaliseringen av norsk aluminiumindustri

Historisk Tidsskrift (Norge), 97(4), s. 316- 336. Doi: 10.18261/issn.1504-2944-2018-04-03

Byrkjeflot, Haldor & Nygaard, Pål (2018)

How and Why Management Has Not Become a Profession

Örtenblad, Anders (red.). Professionalizing Leadership. Debating Education, Certification and Practice

Nygaard, Pål (2016)

Fortrengte veier - Fortielsen av de norske veienes historie under krigen

Borgen, Linn Willetts (red.). Fortidsminneforeningens årbok 2016

Nygaard, Pål (2016)

Veisystemet i Norge - teknokratistyrt eller offer for distriktspolitikk?

Espeli, Harald & Johannesen, Finn Erhard (red.). Historikere i oppdrag. Festskrift til Trond Bergh, Sverre Knutsen og Lars Thue i anledning 70-årsdagen i 2015 og 2016

Alsos, Kristin; Seip, Åsmund Arup & Nygaard, Pål (2016)

I arbeidsfredens tjeneste. Arbeidsretten 100 år.

Pax Forlag.

Nygaard, Pål (2014)

Store drømmer og harde realiteter. Veibygging og biltrafikk i Norge, 1912-1960

Pax Forlag.

Nygaard, Pål (2014)

Ingeniørene. Den grenseløse profesjonen

Slagstad, Rune & Messel, Jan (red.). Profesjonshistorier

Nygaard, Pål (2014)

Ledelsesprofesjoner i næringslivet. Hvorfor mistet ingeniørene hegemoniet til økonomene?

Ekberg, Espen; Lønnborg, Mikael & Myrvang, Christine (red.). Næringsliv og historie

Nygaard, Pål (2013)

Ingeniørenes gullalder: de norske ingeniørenes historie

Dreyer Forlag A/S.

Nygaard, Pål (2012)

Professional Autonomy versus Corporate Control

Professions and Professionalism, 2(1), s. 11- 26.

Nygaard, Pål (2018)

«Folkeopplysningen» behandler avfallsproblemet på kjernekraftindustriens premisser

Dagbladet [Kronikk]

Nygaard, Pål (2017)

De ukjente datapionérene

Dagens næringsliv [Kronikk]

Nygaard, Pål (2015)

Tiåret de norske veiene ble forsømt

Aftenposten (morgenutg. : trykt utg.) [Kronikk]

Nygaard, Pål (2014)

De usynlige arbeiderne

Klassekampen [Avis]

Nygaard, Pål (2014)

Mens norske soldater sloss mot invasjonshæren jobbet Vegvesenet med flyplasser for Hitler

VG [Avis]

Nygaard, Pål (2014)

Dagens gjest. Her og nå

NRK [Radio]

Nygaard, Pål (2010)

Hvorfor er så få kvinner ingeniører?

Dagbladet [Kronikk]

Nygaard, Pål (1)

Veiselskapet - en oppklaring

Manifest tidsskrift [Kronikk]

Nygaard, Pål (1)

I ubehagelig veiselskap

Manifest tidsskrift [Kronikk]

Nygaard, Pål (1)

Kunne de stoppet massedrap?

Dagsavisen [Kronikk]

Midttun, Atle; Enger, Elling, Lind, Arne, Lia, Magne, Meyer, Julien, Storaas, Margrethe Voll, Lereim, Jon & Nygaard, Pål (2019)

Carbon capture – from waste to energy: a stylized case from a pioneering initiative at Klemetsrud, Oslo. Report to the CLIMIT – demo project 618215: Potential for financing and pricing Carbon Capture in Waste-to Energy Installations in cities

[Report]. Handelshøyskolen BI.

Oslo has recently been given the European Environmental Capital award for 2019, following its adoption of an ambitious green strategy of reducing CO2 emissions by 50% by 2022, and by 95% by 2030. A core premise for Oslo reaching its goals is, however, that the city’s waste to energy plant installs carbon capture for sequestration (CCS). With 400,000 tons of CO2 emissions per year (Fortum 2019), Oslo’s Klemetsrud waste to energy plant is the largest single point carbon emitter in the city, and with these emissions it will be impossible for Oslo to reach its CO2 targets. However, carbon capture at Klemetsrud also carries significance in a wider global climate perspective. Global climate models are increasingly reverting to CCS in order to arrive at scenarios that are compatible with the Paris Agreement . This has created new pressure for CCS implementation, and Klemetsrud – if successful – could be an important trigger for CCS in Europe. This report is a styilized business case study of the Klemetsrud CCS project in light of four different regulatory scenarios.

Nygaard, Pål (2019)

Store drømmer og harde realiteter – Veibygging og biltrafikk i Oslo og Norge i historisk perspektiv

[Academic lecture]. Bymiljøetaten i Oslo.

Nygaard, Pål (2018)

Vegdirektørene og deres strategier 1900-1970 – Systembyggerne og de karismatiske

[Academic lecture]. Teknologihistorisk gruppe i TEKNA.

Nygaard, Pål (2018)

Nuclear waste, an unsolvable dilemma? Difference of temporality in politics and the nuclear fuel life cycle

[Academic lecture]. The 7th Norwegian Conference on the History of Science.

Nygaard, Pål (2018)

Controlling the flow of oil and gas subsea: A case study of the software OLGA

[Academic lecture]. European Business History Association 22nd Annual Congress.

Nygaard, Pål (2018)

Atomavfall bortenfor offentligheten: Begrensninger på eksperter og politikeres evne og vilje til å løse problemer med lang tidshorisont

[Academic lecture]. Norske historiedager.

Nygaard, Pål (2017)

Vegvesenet under okkupasjonen

[Popular scientific article]. Norgeshistorie.no

Nygaard, Pål (2017)

Creating OLGA: an innovation for oil and gas industry stemming from nuclear research

[Academic lecture]. European Business History Association 21st annual congress.

Nygaard, Pål (2017)

Fag over politikk: drømmen om teknokratisk styring av samferdsel på 1930-tallet

[Academic lecture]. Norske historiedager.

Nygaard, Pål (2017)

Kunnskaps- og teknologiutvikling i IFA med vekt på den digitale kompetansen og betydningen dette har hatt for deler av norsk industri

[Academic lecture]. Norske historiedager.

Nygaard, Pål & Byrkjeflot, Haldor (2017)

How and why management has not (yet) become a profession

[Academic lecture]. 33rd EGOS Colloquium.

Nygaard, Pål & Byrkjeflot, Haldor (2017)

From professionalization of management to managerialization of professions. The relationship between management and professions revisited

[Academic lecture]. Interim Conference of the ISA Research Committee 52, Sociology of Professional Groups.

Nygaard, Pål (2016)

Vei:Fra hestetransport til motorisert ferdsel

[Academic lecture]. Samkultsymposium.

Nygaard, Pål (2016)

Historien om Institutt for energiteknikk og flerfaseteknologien

[Academic lecture]. Forskningskonferanse med Norsk olje- og gassarkiv & Norsk Oljemuseum.

Nygaard, Pål (2016)

Teknovitenskapens anbud til verden:Historisk blikk på ingeniørprofesjonen og samfunnsansvar

[Academic lecture]. Profesjonsetisk årskonferanse 2016: Profesjon, teknologi og etikk.

Nygaard, Pål (2016)

Creating OLGA - why certain technologies prevail

[Academic lecture]. S.Net meeting The Co-Production of Emerging Bodies, Politics and Technologies.

Nygaard, Pål (2016)

Professionalization of management: towards a Nordic model?

[Academic lecture]. EBHA World Congress of Business History.

Nygaard, Pål (2014)

Bokens innhold og hovedinnholdet i vegdirektørenes strategier

[Academic lecture]. Seminar og boklansering av "Store drømmer - harde realiteter.

Nygaard, Pål (2014)

Veiarbeidernes glemte streik

[Popular scientific article]. Klassekampen

Nygaard, Pål (2014)

Biltrafikken: politimessig eller teknisk anliggende? Etats- og profesjonsstrid i mellomkrigstiden

[Academic lecture]. Forum for politi, rett og historie.

Nygaard, Pål (2014)

Bilkontrollen: politimessig eller teknisk anliggende. Etats- og profesjonsstrid i mellomkrigstiden

[Academic lecture]. Nordpro.

Nygaard, Pål (2013)

Andre verdenskrig sett fra Vegdirektoratet

[Academic lecture]. Arbeid på vegen. Vegvesenet og Organisation Todt 1940-45.

Nygaard, Pål (2011)

Professionalization of engineers. The case of Norway

[Academic lecture]. Professions, expertise and the knowledge society.

Nygaard, Pål (2010)

In search of leadership: Norwegian engineers' campaign for top-positions in civil service, 1945-1955

[Academic lecture]. Third conference on the history of science in Norway.

Nygaard, Pål (2009)

Industrial Engineering - en utfordring for de norske ingeniørene

[Academic lecture]. Forum for kunnskapshistorie.

Nygaard, Pål (2008)

Da nazistene splittet ingeniørene

[Popular scientific article]. Magasinet Tekna, s. 28- 29.

Nygaard, Pål (2008)

Kuppet som endret ingeniørenes historie

[Popular scientific article]. Magasinet Tekna, s. 28- 29.

Nygaard, Pål (2008)

Sivilingeniør: Tittelen ingen ville ha

[Popular scientific article]. Magasinet Tekna, s. 28- 29.

Nygaard, Pål (2008)

Professional autonomy versus corporate control. Challenges to professionalism for engineers during the rise of big business

[Academic lecture]. 5th Interim Conference of the International Sociological Association.

Akademisk grad
År Akademisk institusjon Grad
2012 Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences Ph.D.
2003 University of Oslo Master Cand. Philol.
2000 University of Oslo Bachelor
Arbeidserfaring
År Arbeidsgiver Tittel
2015 - Present BI Norwegian Business School Researcher
2014 - 2015 Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences Researcher
2014 - 2014 Fafo Researcher
2012 - 2014 BI Norwegian Business School Researcher
2012 - 2012 Fafo Researcher
2011 - 2012 Senter for profesjonsstudier, HiOA Researcher
2007 - 2011 Senter for profesjonsstudier, HiOA PhD candidate
2005 - 2007 Politiets utlendingsenhet Arkivmedarbeider