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Ansattprofil

Lena Aadnevik Zahlquist

Førsteamanuensis - Campus Bergen

Institutt for ledelse og organisasjon

Publikasjoner

Zahlquist, Lena Aadnevik; Hetland, Jørn, Notelaers, Guy Louis Alice, Rosander, Michael & Einarsen, Ståle Valvatne (2023)

When the going gets tough and the environment Is rough: The role of departmental level hostile work climate in the relationships between job stressors and workplace bullying

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (IJERPH), 20(5), s. 1- 18. Doi: 10.3390/ijerph20054464 - Fulltekst i vitenarkiv

In line with the work environment hypothesis, the present study investigates whether department-level perceptions of hostile work climate moderate the relationship between psychosocial predictors of workplace bullying (i.e., role conflicts and workload) and exposure to bullying behaviours in the workplace. The data were collected among all employees in a Belgian university and constitutes of 1354 employees across 134 departments. As hypothesized, analyses showed positive main effects of role conflict and workload on exposure to bullying behaviours. In addition, the hypothesized strengthening effect of department-level hostile work climate on the relationship between individual-level job demands and individual exposure to bullying behaviours was significant for role conflict. Specifically, the positive relationship between role conflict and exposure to bullying behaviours was stronger among employees working in departments characterized by a pronounced hostile work climate. In contrast to our predictions, a positive relationship existed between workload and exposure to bullying behaviours, yet only among individuals in departments with low hostile work climate. These findings contribute to the bullying research field by showing that hostile work climate may strengthen the impact of role stress on bullying behaviours, most likely by posing as an additional distal stressor, which may fuel a bullying process. These findings have important theoretical as well as applied implications.

Zahlquist, Lena Aadnevik; Hetland, Jørn, Einarsen, Ståle Valvatne, Bakker, Arnold B., Hoprekstad, Øystein Løvik, Espevik, Roar & Olsen, Olav Kjellevold (2022)

Daily interpersonal conflicts and daily exposure to bullying behaviors at work: The moderating roles of trait anger and trait anxiety

Applied Psychology Doi: 10.1111/apps.12410 - Fulltekst i vitenarkiv

Building on the three-way model of workplace bullying and its underlying theories, this study investigates the role of trait anger and trait anxiety in the link between daily interpersonal conflicts and daily exposure to bullying behaviors. Using a quantitative diary study design, we approached 57 military naval cadets participating in a tall-ship voyage across the Atlantic, from Europe to North America, in 2017. They responded to a questionnaire on a daily basis over a period of 30 days—yielding 1428 measurement points. Prior to the voyage, participants also responded to a general questionnaire including measures of trait anger and trait anxiety. As hypothesized, multilevel analyses showed positive main effects of daily interpersonal conflicts on interpersonal conflicts the next day and exposure to bullying behaviors the same day. However, daily involvement in interpersonal conflicts did not predict exposure to bullying behaviors the next day. Moreover, and in support of the hypothesized moderating effects, trait anger (but not trait anxiety) interacted positively with daily interpersonal conflicts in the prediction of interpersonal conflicts the next day as well as exposure to bullying behaviors the same day. The study suggests that interpersonal conflicts persist and have an immediate effect on exposure to bullying behaviors and that this is particularly the case for individuals high (vs. low) on trait anger. We discuss how these findings contribute to the three-way model of workplace bullying, as well as possible practical implications.

Einarsen, Kari; Nielsen, Morten Birkeland, Hetland, Jørn, Olsen, Olav Kjellevold, Zahlquist, Lena, Mikkelsen, Eva Gemzøe, Koløen, Justine & Einarsen, Ståle (2020)

Outcomes of a proximal workplace intervention against workplace bullying and harassment: A protocol for a cluster randomized controlled trial among Norwegian industrial workers

Frontiers in Psychology, 11:2013 Doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.02013 - Fulltekst i vitenarkiv

Background: Workplace bullying is an important and prevalent risk factors for health impairment, reduced workability and lowered efficiency among both targets and observers. Development and tests of effective organizational intervention strategies are therefore highly important. The present study describes the background, design, and protocol of a cluster randomized controlled trial evaluating the effectiveness of an organization-wide intervention on preventing workplace bullying with a focus on promoting active and constructive bystander behavior. The main overarching goal is to develop an easy to use and standardized organizational intervention based on theory and research in the role of bystanders in bullying situations with the potential of reducing the prevalence of workplace bullying. The theoretical framework of the study is theory of planned behavior (TPB; Ajzen, 1991). Methods/Design: Using a full randomized control trial (RCT) design, this project will empirically test the outcomes of an intervention program targeting bullying and harassment as the main distal outcomes and perceived behavioral control and helping behavior among bystanders as the main proximal outcome. A 1-year cluster randomized controlled design will be utilized, in which controls will also receive the intervention. About 1,500 workers from two different locations of a Norwegian industrial company will be randomized into one intervention group and two control groups with at least 400 workers in each group. A survey will be conducted electronically. With a total of three assessments over 10–12 months, the time interval between the measurement times will be 4 months. Thus, the data collection will take place at baseline, completion of the intervention and at 4 months follow-up. Discussion: This study primarily aims to develop, implement, and evaluate an intervention based on the abovementioned features with the ultimate aim of reducing the prevalence of workplace bullying, by awareness raising and training of bystanders. Manager involvement and involvement of the union representative and the elected health and safety representatives is an important feature of the program. Results of the intervention study will provide important information regarding the effectiveness of preventive interventions against workplace bullying when focusing on bystanders, particularly so regarding the role of bystander awareness, bystander self-efficacy, and bystander behavioral control on the one hand and the prevalence of bullying and harassment on the other.

Zahlquist, Lena; Hetland, Jørn, Skogstad, Anders, Bakker, Arnold B. & Einarsen, Ståle (2019)

Job Demands as Risk Factors of Exposure to Bullying at Work: The Moderating Role of Team-Level Conflict Management Climate

Frontiers in Psychology, 10 Doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02017 - Fulltekst i vitenarkiv

Zahlquist, Lena; Hetland, Jørn, Einarsen, Ståle, Bakker, Arnold B., Hoprekstad, Øystein Løvik, Espevik, Roar & Olsen, Olav Kjellevold (2019)

Daily interpersonal conflicts and exposure to daily negative acts: The moderating role of trait anger and trait anxiety

[Academic lecture]. 19th EAWOP Congress.

Zahlquist, Lena; Hetland, Jørn, Skogstad, Anders, Bakker, Arnold B. & Einarsen, Ståle (2018)

Job demands as risk factors of exposure to bullying at work: The moderating role of team-level conflict management climate

[Academic lecture]. Forskningskonferansen 2018 - Institutt for samfunnspsykologi.

Zahlquist, Lena; Hetland, Jørn, Bakker, Arnold B., Skogstad, Anders & Einarsen, Ståle (2018)

Job demands as risk factors of exposure to bullying-related negative acts at work: The moderating role of team-level conflict management climate

[Academic lecture]. 11th International Conference on Workplace Bullying and Harassment Bullying.

Zahlquist, Lena (2017)

Antecedents and developmental pathways to workplace bullying: The role of individual, situational and contextual factors

[Academic lecture]. Forskningskonferansen 2017 - Institutt for samfunnspsykologi.

Akademisk grad
År Akademisk institusjon Grad
1900 NA Other