Wajda Wikhamn

Professor - Institutt for ledelse og organisasjon


Wikhamn, Wajda; Wikhamn, Björn Remneland & Fasth, Jonas (2021)

Employee participation and job satisfaction in SMEs: investigating strategic exploitation and exploration as moderators

International Journal of Human Resource Management Doi: 10.1080/09585192.2021.1910537

The study introduces three forms of employee participation in decision making in SMEs (work role, HR, and strategic) and tests two competing hypotheses regarding their positive and negative relationships with one aspect of employee wellbeing, namely job satisfaction. It further explores if one internal boundary condition – firms’ exploitation and exploration – moderates the three participation-satisfaction relationships. Using multilevel data collected from top managers and employees in Swedish SMEs, the results support positive connotations of participation, with work role participation having the strongest relationship with employee job satisfaction. The results additionally highlight the role of firms’ explorative orientation as an internal boundary condition for the three participation-satisfaction relationships. Specifically, the positive relationships of work role and strategic participation forms with job satisfaction were stronger under high levels of exploration. Surprisingly, participation in HR issues related negatively to satisfaction under the same conditions. The study advances HRM-SME research by discussing these findings, highlighting their implications for practitioners in SMEs, and proposing avenues for future research.

Wikhamn, Wajda; Asplund, Kajsa & Dries, Nicky (2020)

Identification with management and the organisation as key mechanisms in explaining employee reactions to talent status

Human Resource Management Journal Doi: 10.1111/1748-8583.12335

This study examines how identification with management and the organization explains the relationship between talent status, organizational citizenship behavior towards the organization (OCB‐O) and the supervisor (OCB‐S), and turnover intention. Using archival and survey data (N = 597), we tested two competing models: a parallel and a serial mediation. Results supported serial mediation of management identification through organizational identification; management identification was the most predictive mediator overall. We also found different exchange dynamics depending on the focus of the identification (management or organization) and their corresponding outcomes (OCB‐S and OCB‐O); OCB‐S was most strongly related to management identification. We contribute to the literature by integrating concepts and assumptions from social identity and social exchange theory, and advancing the understanding about employee reciprocation of symbolic resources such as talent status. Practical implications, in particular about encouraging ‘pre‐identification’ with management in order to ensure talents' continued extra‐role behavior and retention, are spelled out.

Wikhamn, Wajda & Remneland Wikhamn, Björn (2019)

Gender diversity and innovation performance: Evidence from R&D workforce in Sweden

International Journal of Innovation Management Doi: 10.1142/S1363919620500619 - Fulltekst i vitenarkiv

Compared to gender diversity in top management teams (TMTs) and board of directions, gender diversity in research and development (R&D) organisations, and its relationship with firm’s innovation performance, has received little attention. The aim of this paper is to investigate this relationship. Using a longitudinal design with five samples from Sweden the paper explores how gender diversity in R&D units relates to innovation-related employee productivity (measured in monetary value). Both linear and non-linear relationships are tested. The results suggest gender diversity has a non-linear, U-shape, relationship with employee innovation-related productivity, supporting the value-in-diversity perspective.

Wikhamn, Wajda (2019)

Innovation, sustainable HRM and customer satisfaction

International Journal of Hospitality Management, 76, s. 102- 110. Doi: 10.1016/j.ijhm.2018.04.009

The purpose of this paper is to explore how sustainable human resource management (HRM) practices impact the innovation-customer satisfaction relationship in Swedish hotels. Responding hotels were profiled into four groups based on their involvement in two sustainable HR practices. The findings indicate the relationship between innovation and customer satisfaction is dependent on sustainable HR practices in the organization. Although innovation and sustainable HR practices impact customer satisfaction positively, their interaction suggests that the one can substitute the other to achieve superior customer satisfaction. The study concludes that sustainable HR practices enhance a hotel’s capability to innovate and to have satisfied customers. The relationship between sustainable HR practices and innovation is discussed.

Wikhamn, Wajda & Selart, Marcus (2019)

Empowerment and initiative: the mediating role of obligation

Employee Relations, 41(4), s. 662- 677. Doi: 10.1108/ER-11-2017-0273 - Fulltekst i vitenarkiv

Akademisk grad
År Akademisk institusjon Grad
2008 University of Gothenburg PhD
År Arbeidsgiver Tittel
2018 - Present BI Norwegian Business School Associate professor, Department of Leadership and Organizational Behavior,
2014 - 2018 University of Gothenburg Associate professor, Department of Business Administration, School of Business, Economics, and Law.
2009 - 2013 University of Gothenburg Assistant professor, Department of Business Administration, School of Business, Economics, and Law.
2004 - 2008 University of Gothenburg PhD Candidate, Department of Business Administration, School of Business, Economics, and Law.