Scott G. Isaksen

Professor II - Campus Bergen

Institutt for ledelse og organisasjon


Scott G. Isaksen's personal email address: sgiaway@cpsb.com

Scott G. Isaksen is a Professor II of Leadership and Organizational Behavior at the Norwegian Business School. He is also Founder of the Creative Problem Solving Group, Senior Fellow of its Creativity Research Unit and a former professor and director of SUNY's International Center for Studies in Creativity. He resides in the Buffalo area of New York in the US.

Scott has published over 200 books, articles, and chapters in books, and provided consultation and training on facilitative leadership, creativity, and innovation for over 450 organizations in 26 different countries around the world. Scott is a member of the American Psychological Association and the Product Development Management Association and has served as a consulting editor for the Journal of Creative Behavior since 1983.

Research areas
Creative Problem Solving Style assessment and implications (Person-Environment Fit).
Climate for Creativity and Innovation.
Impact of Creative Problem Solving Training.

Teaching areas

Human Resource Management (Bergen)Management of Creativity (Bergen).
Creativity in Individuals, Groups, and Organizations (Nydalen).


Isaksen, Scott G. (2023)

Developing Creative Potential: The Power of Process, People, and Place

Journal of Advanced Academics (JAA), 34(2), s. 111- 144. Doi: 10.1177/1932202X231156389

Creativity is increasingly seen as a key human capability that can be deliberately developed. Correspondently, a proliferation of tools, techniques, and methods are available in the academic and popular literatures. Creative problem-solving (CPS) is one framework among these, and has a 70-year history of research and development. This essay overviews this history and the key stages of its continuous development, as well as the rationale for the changes and improvements that have been made. Foundational work established the Osborn–Parnes paradigm for CPS. Initial efforts were aimed at enhancing this approach. Then came work to stretch the Osborn–Parnes approach, and ultimately to break this paradigm. Understanding these major stages of development should better differentiate contemporary CPS approaches from the variety of earlier versions. Future research and development are also highlighted that will move our understanding, learning, and application forward.

Isaksen, Scott G. (2022)

Assessing the Work Environment for Creativity and Innovation: Building on Mathisen and Einarsen’s Review (2004)

Creativity Research Journal Doi: 10.1080/10400419.2022.2112837

This article was stimulated by a review of instruments assessing creative and innovative social environments seventeen years ago. This stands alone as the only published, comprehensive, comparative review of multiple instruments aimed at this conceptual space. Although this review provided an important contribution to the literature, there are a number of critical conceptual issues that should be considered when reviewing assessments of this kind. This article raises these issues and points out their relevance when developing, evaluating, or applying instruments – and applies these issues to the instruments included in the review. Further, the aim was also to provide updated information on the Situational Outlook Questionnaire, as there were a few potential misunderstandings contained within the Mathisen and Einarsen review. Finally, numerous criteria are offered for those creating or choosing to use measures of the work environment, climate, or culture that promotes organizational creativity and innovation.

Isaksen, Scott G. (2020)

Unleashing creative talent in organizations: Linking learning and creativity through creative problem solving

Mumford, Michael D. & Todd, E. Michelle (red.). Creativity and Innovation in Organizations

Lofquist, Eric & Isaksen, Scott G. (2019)

Cleared for Takeoff? A Snapshot of Context for Change in a High-Risk Industry

Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 55(3), s. 277- 305. Doi: 10.1177/0021886319832011 - Fulltekst i vitenarkiv

Civil aviation is a high-risk industry where actors are experiencing increasing focus on economic performance, greater international competition, and growing safety threats that require continual organizational adjustments. In this article, we present the findings of a case study conducted within the Norwegian national air traffic management organization—Avinor, in preparation for a major reorganization initiative. In this study, we mapped the aggregated readiness and positioning for organizational change in the three main air traffic control centers in Norway using a mixed-method approach to person–environment Fit to help organizational leaders better understand each unit’s positioning for change, and more specifically, individual preferences for change styles. The results suggest that participants at the different air traffic control centers had developed distinctly different change preferences at both the group and individual levels, and that each was distinctly different from the other units in their positioning and readiness for change.

Lofquist, Eric; Isaksen, Scott G. & Dahl, Tom Jarle (2018)

Something Fishy: Exploring Change, Job Engagement and Work Environment in the Norwegian Directorate of Fisheries

Journal of Change Management, 18(4), s. 281- 303. Doi: 10.1080/14697017.2018.1466823

Isaksen, Scott G. (2017)

Leadership's role in creative climate creation

Mumford, Michael M. & Hemlin, Sven (red.). Handbook of research on leadership and creativity

Isaksen, Scott G.; Kaufmann, Astrid & Bakken, Bjørn T. (2014)

An Examination of the Personality Constructs Underlying Dimensions of Creative Problem- Solving Style

The Journal of creative behavior, 50(4), s. 268- 281. Doi: 10.1002/jocb.75 - Fulltekst i vitenarkiv

This study investigated the personality facets that underpin the construct of problem solving style, particularly when approaching more creative kinds of problem solving. Cattell’s Sixteen Personality Factors Questionnaire and VIEW – An Assessment of Problem Solving Style were administered to 165 students from the Norwegian Business School. We explored relationships through correlational and regression analysis. Personality profiles were derived for each of VIEW’s three dimensions and were in generally expected directions. Those with an Explorer preference were more imaginative and idea-oriented, open to change, unconventional, freethinking and flexible than Developers. Those with a Developer preference were more practical and solution oriented, more traditional, rule conscious, conservative, and respecting of traditional ideas. Those with an External preference were more group oriented, affiliative, socially bold, warm, and attentive to others than those with an Internal preference. Those with a more Task oriented preference were more impersonal, detached, utilitarian, and tough minded than those with Person oriented preference. We outlined implications and suggestions for further research.

Isaksen, Scott G. (2013)

Managing for Innovation: An examination of a climate-centric model for organizational innovation and creativity.

Kindai Management Review, 1, s. 41- 58.

Isaksen, Scott G. & Aert, Wouter S. (2011)

Linking problem-solving style and creative organizational climate: An exploratory interactionist study

The International Journal of Creativity & Problem Solving, 21(2), s. 7- 38. Doi: 10.1007/978-1-4020-9877-2_9

Isaksen, Scott G. & Akkermans, Hans J. (2011)

Creative Climate: A Leadership Lever For Innovation

The Journal of creative behavior, 45(3), s. 161- 187. Doi: 10.1002/j.2162-6057.2011.tb01425.x

Isaksen, Scott G. & Ekvall, Göran (2010)

Managing for Innovation: The Two Faces of Tension in Creative Climates

Creativity and Innovation Management, 19(2), s. 71- 196. Doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8691.2010.00558.x

Isaksen, Scott G.; De Schryver, Luc & Onkelinx, Jonas (2010)

A Cross Cultural Examination of Creative Problem Solving Style: The Dutch Translation of VIEW

The Journal of creative behavior, 44(1), s. 19- 28.

Lofquist, Eric & Isaksen, Scott G. (2018)

Cleared for takeoff? A snap-shot of climate for change in a civil aviation context

[Academic lecture]. Academy of Management Annual Meeting.

Isaksen, Scott G. (2011)

Creative Approaches to Problem Solving: A framework for innovation and change (3rd ed.).

[Textbook]. SAGE Publications, Inc..

Akademisk grad
År Akademisk institusjon Grad
1983 State University College at Buffalo Ed.D.
1983 State University at Buffalo Doctor of Education, Ed.D.
1974 State University College at Buffalo B.S.
År Arbeidsgiver Tittel
2009 - Present BI Norwegian Business School Adjunct Professor
1997 - Present Creative Problem Solving Group President
1993 - 1997 SUNY College at Buffalo Professor
1982 - 1997 SUNY College at Buffalo Director
1982 - 1997 Creative Problem Solving Group Founder
1987 - 1993 SUNY College at Buffalo Associate Professor
1983 - 1987 SUNY College at Buffalo Assistant Professor
1980 - 1983 SUNY College at Buffalo Instructor
1979 - 1980 Williamsville Central Schools Gifted Specialist
1974 - 1979 Williamsville Central Schools Teacher