Fagprofil

Eric Arne Lofquist

Førsteamanuensis - Campus Bergen

Biografi

American citizen from St. Simons Island, Georgia. Served 28 years in United States Navy flying F-14 Tomcats from US Navy aircraft carriers around the world. Also occupied several top-level leadership positions in the US, Norway, and NATO (Brussels) responsible for strategic level operational planning and organizational change implementation. Former director in Powersim AS responsible for international modelling and simulation consulting, and CEO of Nutec Crisis Management (both in Bergen, Norway). Received PhD from the Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration (NHH) studying the strategic change process known as Take-Off 05 in the Norwegian civil aviation air navigation services provider (Avinor).

Thesis available at: http://bora.nhh.no/bitstream/2330/1916/1/lofquist%20avh2008.pdf

Research areas
The leadership's role in strategic-level organizational change in high risk environments (and particularly High Reliability Organizations), and its effect on safety.

Teaching areas

Health, Safety and Environment (HSE), Human Resources Management (HRM), Strategy (business strategy, corporate strategy, international strategy, and strategic management), Leadership and Leader Psychology, and Strategic Crisis Management.

Publikasjoner

Lofquist, Eric & Lines, Rune (2017)

Keeping Promises: A Process Study of Escalating Commitment Leading to Organizational Change Collapse

Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 53(4), s. 417- 445. Doi: 10.1177/0021886317711892

Lofquist, Eric; Dyson, Paul K. & Trønnes, Sondre N. (2017)

Mind the gap: a qualitative approach to assessing why different sub-cultures within high-risk industries interpret safety rule gaps in different ways

Safety Science, 92, s. 241- 256. Doi: 10.1016/j.ssci.2016.11.002

Measuring the distance between the performance of safety rules as imagined and safety rules as enacted in high-risk environments has been an area of great interest and debate in recent years. Yet a significant gap in our understanding remains. Some authors have even advised us to “stop bitching about the gap” and start closing it (Hale and Borys, 2013a, p. 218). In this paper, we follow this call by investigating the relationship between safety rules as imagined, and enacted, in a rule-driven organization working in the oil and gas industry in Norway. Specifically, we investigate how three different sub-cultures within the organization: the management culture, the engineering culture, and the operations culture - make sense of safety rules at their respective levels, and why their interpretations of the gaps created by these same rules, are different. These differences lead to different levels of rule enactment. Using a case study approach, we found that how employees’ were engaged in the rule creation process led to different levels of psychological ownership, and this, in turn, led to different levels of rule enactment. We also found that these distinct occupational sub-cultures use different sensemaking approaches in understanding safety rules, and that the resultant differences in understanding directly affects both the understanding of the gap that exists between rules as imagined and rules as enacted, leading to different levels of rule compliance.

Valaker, Sigmund; Yanakiev, Yantsislav, Lofquist, Eric & Kost, Dominique (2016)

The Influence of Predeployment Training on Coordination in Multinational Headquarters:The Moderating Role of Organizational Obstacles to Information Sharing.

Military Psychology, 28(6), s. 390- 405. Doi: 10.1037/mil0000123

Lofquist, Eric Arne (2011)

Doomed to Fail: A Case Study of Change Implementation Collapse In the Norwegian Civil Aviation Industry/Published

Journal of Change Management, 11(2), s. 223- 243. Doi: 10.1080/14697017.2010.527853

Lofquist, Eric Arne; Greve, Arent & Olsson, Ulf H. (2011)

Modeling attitudes and perceptions as predictors for changing safety margins during organizational change

Safety Science, 49(3), s. 531- 541. Doi: 10.1016/j.ssci.2010.11.007

Lofquist, Eric Arne (2010)

The art of measuring nothing: The paradox of measuring safety in a changing civil aviation industry using traditional safety metrics

Safety Science, 48(10), s. 1520- 1529. Doi: 10.1016/j.ssci.2010.05.006

Lofquist, Eric Arne (2005)

Sikkerheten i luftfarten

[Academic lecture]. Solørkonferansen.

Akademisk grad
År Akademisk institusjon Grad
2008 Norwegian School of Economics, NHH Ph.D.
1996 University of New Orleans M.B.A.
1986 Salve Regina University Master of Arts
1986 US Naval War College Master of Arts
1976 Jacksonville University B.S.
Arbeidserfaring
År Arbeidsgiver Tittel
2012 - Present Norwegian School of Economics, NHH Adjunct Professor
2009 - Present BI Norwegian Business School Associate Professor
2008 - 2009 Norwegian School of Economics, NHH Associate Professor
2003 - 2008 Norwegian School of Economics, NHH Research fellow
2002 - 2004 Nutec Crisis Management AS CEO
2000 - 2002 Powersim AS Director
1972 - 2000 United States Navy Naval Aviator