Fagprofil

Jon H Fiva

Professor - Institutt for samfunnsøkonomi

Biografi

Jon H. Fiva is a professor of economics at the Norwegian Business School (BI) working on political economics, labor economics and health economics. His past research has been published in the British Journal of Political Science, Journal of Politics, Journal of Health Economics, Journal of Public Economics, and other journals.

Please see Fiva's personal homepage for further information.

Publikasjoner

Fiva, Jon H. & Smith, Daniel M. (2018)

Political dynasties and the incumbency advantage in party-centered environments

American Political Science Review, 112(3), s. 706- 712. Doi: 10.1017/S0003055418000047

A handful of recent studies have investigated the causal effect of incumbency on dynasty formation in candidate-centered electoral contexts. We use candidate-level data and a regression discontinuity design to estimate the incumbency advantage and its relation to dynasty formation in the party-centered, closed-list, proportional-representation setting of Norway. The results indicate that the incumbency advantage exists even in this party-centered environment; however, in contrast to recent findings for the United States and the Philippines, we find no evidence that incumbency is important to the formation of dynasties. This finding underscores the need for more research into the role of internal party organizational networks in the perpetuation of political dynasties.

Fiva, Jon H. & Røhr, Helene Lie (2018)

Climbing the ranks: incumbency effects in party-list systems

European Economic Review, 101(January 2018), s. 142- 156. Doi: 10.1016/j.euroecorev.2017.09.011

Incumbents tend to have a solid electoral advantage in candidate-centered electoral settings. Do similar incumbency effects exist in more party-centered environments? We estimate incumbency effects in an open-list proportional representation system, exploiting that seats are first allocated across parties, and then to candidates within party lists. Using data from Norwegian local elections 2003–2015, we document that a candidate that barely wins a seat in the local council has about a 9 percentage points (43%) higher probability of being elected in the next election compared to a candidate that just misses out on a seat on the same party list. We find no evidence that voters contribute to this personal incumbency advantage. Rather, it seems as if party elites are instrumental in securing the electoral success of their party affiliates. We show that incumbents and non-incumbents run again in the subsequent election at about equal rates, but that incumbents tend to advance in the party hierarchy and obtain safer ballot positions in future elections, which is what ultimately leads to electoral success.

Cox, Gary W.; Fiva, Jon H. & Smith, Daniel Markham (2018)

Parties, Legislators, and the Origins of Proportional Representation

Comparative Political Studies Doi: 10.1177/0010414018762369

Fiva, Jon H.; Folke, Olle & Sørensen, Rune Jørgen (2018)

The Power of Parties: Evidence From Close Municipal Elections in Norway

The Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 120(1), s. 3- 30. Doi: 10.1111/sjoe.12229

We show that small shifts in representation can affect policy in proportional election systems. Using data from Norway, we find that a larger left-wing party leads to more property taxation, higher childcare spending, and lower elderly care spending, while local public goods appear to be a non-partisan issue. These effects are partly due to shifts in bloc majorities, and partly due to changes in the left–right position of the council, keeping the majority constant. The estimates on spending allocations are rather imprecise, but they are consistent with evidence on politicians' fiscal preferences and patterns in media attention.

Fiva, Jon H. & Smith, Daniel M. (2017)

Norwegian parliamentary elections, 1906?2013: representation and turnout across four electoral systems

West European Politics, 40(6), s. 1373- 1391. Doi: 10.1080/01402382.2017.1298016

Borge, Lars-Erik; Fiva, Jon H., Rattsø, Jørn & Sørensen, Rune Jørgen (2017)

Frivillig kommunesammenslåing - betydningen av folketall, inntekt og politisk avstand

Frich, Jan C; Iversen, Tor & Tjerbo, Trond (red.). Helsepolitikkens faglige premisser

I denne artikkelen analyserer vi lokale folkeavstemninger om kommunesammenslåing. Det forventes at stor forskjell i folketall, inntektsnivå og politiske preferanser mellom kommuner vil gjøre sammenslåing vanskelig. Det foreligger data for 253 folkeavstemninger i den reformprosess som nå foregår. Mange kommuner har holdt flere avstemninger og har stilt spørsmål om flere alternativer. Analysen her baserer seg på forskjeller blant kommuner innen en aktuell sammenslåings-konstellasjonen og ser bare på symmetriske folkeavstemninger. Hovedresultatet er en positiv sammenheng mellom folketall og andel ja-stemmer til sammenslåing. Bekymringen for å bli overkjørt ser ut til å være større enn håpet om stordriftsgevinster for små kommuner. Analysen indikerer at politisk avstand betyr noe i tillegg – man ønsker ikke å bli styrt av et annet politisk flertall. Vi studerer også beslutningen om å holde avstemning og valgdeltagelsen. Små kommuner har høyere tilbøyelighet til å holde folkeavstemning. Små og rike kommuner innen konstellasjonen har høyere valgdeltagelse – de har mer å forsvare.

Fiva, Jon H. & Smith, Daniel M. (2017)

Local Candidates and Voter Mobilization: Evidence from Historical Two-Round Elections in Norway

Electoral Studies, 45, s. 130- 140. Doi: 10.1016/j.electstud.2016.11.021

Cox, Gary W.; Fiva, Jon H. & Smith, Daniel M. (2016)

The Contraction Effect: How Proportional Representation Affects Mobilization and Turnout

Journal of Politics, 78(4), s. 1249- 1263. Doi: 10.1086/686804

Fiva, Jon H. & Halse, Askill Harkjerr (2016)

Local favoritism in at-large proportional representation systems

Journal of Public Economics, 143(Nov.), s. 15- 26. Doi: 10.1016/j.jpubeco.2016.08.002

Fiva, Jon H. & Folke, Olle (2016)

Mechanical and psychological effects of electoral reform

British Journal of Political Science, 46(2), s. 265- 279. Doi: 10.1017/S0007123414000209

Cools, Sara; Fiva, Jon H. & Kirkebøen, Lars Johannnessen (2015)

Causal Effects of Paternity Leave on Children and Parents

The Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 117(3), s. 801- 828. Doi: 10.1111/sjoe.12113

Fiva, Jon H.; Hægeland, Torbjørn, Rønning, Marte & Syse, Astri (2014)

Access to Treatment and Educational Inequalities in Cancer Survival

Journal of Health Economics, 36, s. 98- 111. Doi: 10.1016/j.jhealeco.2014.04.001

Andersen, Jørgen Juel; Fiva, Jon H. & Natvik, Gisle J. (2014)

Voting when the stakes are high

Journal of Public Economics, 110, s. 157- 166. Doi: 10.1016/j.jpubeco.2013.10.003

Fiva, Jon H. & Natvik, Gisle J. (2013)

Do re-election probabilities influence public investment?

Public Choice, 157(1-2), s. 305- 331. Doi: 10.1007/s11127-012-9946-8

Fiva, Jon H. & Kirkebøen, Lars Johannnessen (2011)

Information Shocks and the Dynamics of the Housing Market

The Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 113(3), s. 525- 552. Doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9442.2011.01651.x

Fiva, Jon H.; Hægeland, Torbjørn & Rønning, Marte (2010)

Health Status After Cancer: Does It Matter Which Hospital You Belong To?

BMC Health Services Research, 10 Doi: 10.1186/1472-6963-10-204

Fiva, Jon H. (2009)

Does welfare policy affect residential choices? An empirical investigation accounting for policy endogeneity

Journal of Public Economics, 93(3-4), s. 529- 540. Doi: 10.1016/j.jpubeco.2008.11.001

Fiva, Jon Hernes & Rønning, Marte (2008)

The incentive effects of property taxation: Evidence from Norwegian school districts

Regional Science and Urban Economics, 38(1), s. 49- 62. Doi: 10.1016/j.regsciurbeco.2007.08.008

Recent theoretical contributions indicate favorable incentive effects of property taxation on public service providers. The object of this paper is to confront these theories with data from Norwegian school districts. The institutional setting in Norway is well suited for analyzing the effects of property taxation because one can compare school districts with and without property taxation. To take into account potential endogeneity of the choice of implementing property taxation, we rely on instrumental variable techniques. The empirical results indicate that, conditional on resource use, property taxation improves school quality measured as students' result on the national examination.

Fiva, Jon H. (2007)

Sentral finansiering av lokal offentligt tjenesteproduksjon: Bailout-problemet

Økonomisk forum

Fiva, Jon H. & Rattsø, Jørn (2007)

Local Choice of Property Taxation: Evidence from Norway

Public Choice, 132(3-4), s. 457- 470.

Fiva, Jon Hernes & Rattsø, Jørn (2007)

Local choice of property taxation: evidence from Norway

Public Choice, 132(3-4), s. 457- 470. Doi: 10.1007/s11127-007-9171-z

Fiscal competition may influence the design of tax systems. The tax competition literature has concentrated on mobility of tax base and tax levels, while we turn the attention to the political decision-making system and the determination of tax structure. In the Norwegian setting local governments make a discrete choice whether to have property tax. The local choice is investigated in an econometric model allowing for yardstick competition. Our results indicate that yardstick competition explains the distinct geographic pattern in local property taxation observed. Grants have no effect on the propensity to have property taxation, consistent with the flypaper effect. The main methodological challenge handled concerns spatial interaction with discrete choice.

Fiva, Jon Hernes (2006)

New Evidence on the Effect of Fiscal Decentralization on the Size and Composition of Government Spending

Finanzarchiv, 62, s. 250- 280.

Rattsø, Jørn & Fiva, Jon Hernes (2006)

Welfare Competition in Norway: Norms and Expenditures

European Journal of Political Economy, 22, s. 202- 220.

Fiva, Jon Hernes & Rattsø, Jørn (2005)

Welfare competition in Norway: Norms and expenditures

European Journal of Political Economy, 22, s. 202- 222.

Fiva, Jon H. & Halse, Askill Harkjerr (2016)

Lokal favorisering

Dagens næringsliv [Kronikk]

Fiva, Jon H. (2011)

Boligprisene påvirkes av skolerangering

Aftenposten [Avis]

Fiva, Jon H. (2011)

Ingen vits i pappaperm?

Aftenposten [Avis]

Fiva, Jon H. (2011)

Flere stemmer i rike kommuner

Dagens Næringsliv [Avis]

Fiva, Jon Hernes (2006)

Kniper på sosialhjelpen for å slippe tilflytting

Kommunal Rapport [Avis]

Fiva, Jon Hernes (2006)

Høy stønad frister

Aftenposten [Avis]

Fiva, Jon Hernes (2006)

Kommuner vil ikke ha «sosial» tilflytting

Adresseavisen [Avis]

Fiva, Jon H. & Natvik, Gisle James (1)

Skatten de elsker å hate https://www.bi.no/bizreview/artikler/skatten-de-elsker-a-hate/

Klassekampen [Kronikk]

Fiva, Jon H.; Helland, Leif & Sørensen, Rune J. (1)

Én stemme kan endre politikken http://www.dn.no/meninger/debatt/2015/09/13/2040/Kommunevalg/n-stemme-kan-endre-politikken

Dagens næringsliv [Kronikk]

Fiva, Jon H. (1)

Trekk lodd, Halvorsen

Dagens næringsliv [Kronikk]

Fiva, Jon H.; Halse, Askill Harkjerr & Smith, Daniel M. (2017)

Popular, but not powerful: Local candidates under closed-list proportional representation

[Academic lecture]. 2017 Annual Meeting.

Geographic representation is considered to be an important factor in candidate nominations, even under closed-list proportional representation (PR), and may also matter for distributive policy outcomes. However, since nominations are determined strategically, the causal effects of representation for local areas are difficult to iden-tify. We study candidate nominations, voter behavior, and distributive policies in the closed-list PR setting of Norway (1953-2013). Exploiting as-good-as-random election outcomes for candidates who are marginally close to winning a seat in parliament, we find that parties obtain higher support in subsequent elections in the hometowns of narrowly-elected candidates. This effect appears to be driven by an increase in the probability of having the local candidate at the top of the party list in the next election. However, we find no effect of local representation on geographically targeted policy benefits for the hometown. Our results suggest that local candidates under closed-list PR are able to attract and mobilize local voters, but either do not have the power to obtain distributive benefits for their localities, or are not interested in seeking them.

Fiva, Jon H.; Halse, Askill Harkjerr & Smith, Daniel M. (2016)

Popular, but not Powerful: Local Candidates under Closed-list Proportional Representation

[Academic lecture]. Bruneck Workshop on the Political Economy of Federalism and Local Development.

Fiva, Jon H. & Smith, Daniel M. (2016)

Political Dynasties and the Incumbency Advantage in Party-Centered Environments

[Academic lecture]. NICEP Inaugural Conference.

Fiva, Jon H. & Smith, Daniel M. (2016)

Local Candidates and Voter Mobilization: Evidence from Historical Two-Round Elections in Norway

[Academic lecture]. Bremen Workshop on The Politics of Parliamentarization.

Fiva, Jon H.; Halse, Askill Harkjerr & Smith, Daniel Markham (2016)

Popular, but not powerful. Local candidates under closed-list proportional representation

[Academic lecture]. Department seminar.

Fiva, Jon H. & Halse, Askill Harkjerr (2016)

Local favoritism under at-large proportional representation systems

[Academic lecture]. Department seminar.

Fiva, Jon H.; Halse, Askill Harkjerr & Smith, Daniel Markham (2016)

Does local representation matter under closed-list PR?

[Academic lecture]. Political Economy Workshop.

Halse, Askill Harkjerr; Fiva, Jon H. & Smith, Daniel Markham (2016)

A bridge too far? The political economy of local road investments in Norway

[Academic lecture]. Forskningsseminar, SSB.

Fiva, Jon H. & Halse, Askill Harkjerr (2015)

Local Favoritism in At-large Proportional Representation Systems

[Academic lecture]. 9th Norwegian-German Seminar on Public Economics.

Fiva, Jon H. (2015)

Political Dynasties in Party-Centered Environments

[Academic lecture]. University of Copenhagen, Department of Economics Seminar.

Fiva, Jon H. & Halse, Askill Harkjerr (2015)

Local Favoritism in At-large Proportional Representation Systems

[Academic lecture]. Forskermøtet 2015 (37th Annual Meeting of the Norwegian Association of Economists).

Fiva, Jon H. & Halse, Askill Harkjerr (2014)

Unconditional love? Pork barrel politics in the absence of electoral incentives

[Academic lecture]. 13th journées Louis-André Gerard-Varet (LAGV).

Fiva, Jon H. & Halse, Askill Harkjerr (2014)

Unconditional love? Pork barrel politics in the absence of electoral incentives

[Academic lecture]. Harvard Political Economy Lunch.

Fiva, Jon H. & Halse, Askill Harkjerr (2014)

Unconditional love? Pork barrel politics in the absence of electoral incentives

[Academic lecture]. MiT political economy breakfast.

Fiva, Jon H. & Halse, Askill Harkjerr (2014)

Unconditional love? Pork barrel politics in the absence of electoral incentives

[Academic lecture]. IIPF congress.

Fiva, Jon H.; Hagen, Terje P. & Sørensen, Rune Jørgen (2014)

Kommunal Organisering

[Textbook]. Universitetsforlaget.

Fiva, Jon H. & Folke, Olle (2013)

Mechanical and Psychological Effects of Electoral Reform

[Academic lecture]. Lisbon Meeting on Institutions and Political Economy.

Fiva, Jon H.; Folke, Olle & Sørensen, Rune Jørgen (2013)

The Power of Parties: Evidence From Close Municipal Elections in Norway

[Academic lecture]. Journées d'Economie Publique Louis-André Gérard-Varet.

Fiva, Jon H.; Folke, Olle & Sørensen, Rune Jørgen (2013)

The Power of Parties: Evidence From Close Municipal Elections in Norway

[Academic lecture]. MiT Political Economy Breakfast.

Fiva, Jon H.; Folke, Olle & Sørensen, Rune Jørgen (2013)

The Power of Parties: Evidence From Close Municipal Elections in Norway

[Academic lecture]. Harvard Political Economy Workshop.

Fiva, Jon H. (2013)

Access to Treatment and Educational Inequalities in Cancer Survival

[Academic lecture]. North American Winter Meeting of the Econometric Society.

Fiva, Jon H. (2012)

Access to Treatment and Educational Inequalities in Cancer Survival

[Academic lecture]. NTNU workshop on Educational Governance and Finance.

Fiva, Jon H. (2012)

The Power of Parties

[Academic lecture]. European Political Science Association Meeting.

Fiva, Jon H. (2012)

Paternity Leave

[Academic lecture]. American Economic Association Meeting.

Fiva, Jon H. (2012)

Access to Treatment and Educational Inequalities in Cancer Survival

[Academic lecture]. Seminar Vatt Helsinki.

Fiva, Jon H. (2012)

Access to Treatment and Educational Inequalities in Cancer Survival

[Academic lecture]. Seminar Kreftregisteret.

Cools, Sara; Fiva, Jon H. & Kirkebøen, Lars Johannnessen (2011)

Pappaperm

[Article in business/trade/industry journal]. Samfunnsøkonomen, 125(9), s. 21- 23.

Fiva, Jon H. (2011)

Causal Effects of Paternity Leave on Children and Parents

[Academic lecture]. Microeconometrics Seminar DIW Berlin.

Fiva, Jon H. (2011)

Political Representation and Fiscal Policy: A Casual or Causal Relationship?

[Academic lecture]. UCLS Workshop in Political Economy.

Fiva, Jon H.; Natvik, Gisle James & Andersen, Jørgen Juel (2011)

Voting when the stakes are high

[Academic lecture]. Nordic Workshop on Tax Policy and Public Economics.

Fiva, Jon H. (2011)

Mechanical and Psychological Effects of Electoral Reform

[Academic lecture]. European Economic Association Meeting.

Fiva, Jon H. (2011)

Voting When the Stakes are High

[Academic lecture]. Fiscal Federalism Workshop, IEB Barcelona.

Fiva, Jon H. (2011)

Causal Effects of Paternity Leave on Children and Parents

[Academic lecture]. Educational Systems and Human Capital, Workshop NTNU.

Fiva, Jon H. (2011)

Mechanical and Psychological Effects of Electoral Reform

[Academic lecture]. European Political Science Association Meeting.

Fiva, Jon H. (2009)

Do re-election probabilities influence public investment?

[Academic lecture]. Department Seminar University of Barcelona.

Fiva, Jon H. (2009)

Do Re-election Probalities Influence Public Investment?

[Academic lecture]. Fredagsseminar Handelshøyskolen BI.

Fiva, Jon H. (2009)

Do Re-election Probabilities Influence Public Investment?

[Academic lecture]. WZB workshop on 'Reflections on Fiscal Federalism: Elaborating the Research Agenda'.

Fiva, Jon H. (2009)

Do re-election probabilities influence public investment?

[Academic lecture]. North American Summer Meeting of the Econometric Society.

We identify exogenous variation in incumbent policymakers' re-election proba- bility and explore empirically how this variation in°uences the incumbents' invest- ment in physical capital. Our results indicate that a higher re-election probability leads to higher investments, particularly in the purposes preferred more strongly by the incumbents. This result aligns with a theoretical framework where political par- ties disagree about which public goods to produce using labor and predetermined public capital. Key for the consistency between data and theory is to account for complementarity between capital and °ow variables in government production.

Fiva, Jon H. (2009)

Do Re-Election Probabilities Influence Public Investment?

[Academic lecture]. CESifo Area Conference on Public Sector Economics.

We identify exogenous variation in incumbent policymakers' re-election proba- bility and explore empirically how this variation in°uences the incumbents' invest- ment in physical capital. Our results indicate that a higher re-election probability leads to higher investments, particularly in the purposes preferred more strongly by the incumbents. This result aligns with a theoretical framework where political par- ties disagree about which public goods to produce using labor and predetermined public capital. Key for the consistency between data and theory is to account for complementarity between capital and °ow variables in government production.

Fiva, Jon H. (2008)

Do re-election probabilities influence public investment?

[Academic lecture]. Nordic Workshop on Tax Policy and Public Economics.

Fiva, Jon H. (2008)

Does the housing market react to new information on school quality?

[Academic lecture]. Congress of the European Economic Association.

Fiva, Jon H. (2008)

Does the housing market react to new information on school quality?

[Academic lecture]. European Public Choice Society Meeting.

Fiva, Jon H. (2008)

Does the housing market react to new information on school quality?

[Academic lecture]. National Economist Meeting.

Fiva, Jon H. (2007)

Does the Housing Market React to New Information on School Quality?

[Academic lecture]. New Perspectives on Fiscal Federalism: Intergovernmental Relations, Competition and Accountability.

Fiva, Jon H. (2007)

Does Welfare Policy Affect Residential Choices? An Empirical Investigation Accounting for Policy Endogeneity

[Academic lecture]. Annual Conference European Association of Labor Economists Annual Conference (EALE).

Fiva, Jon H. (2007)

Does Welfare Policy Affect Residential Choices? An Empirical Investigation Accounting for Policy Endogeneity

[Academic lecture]. 2nd Workshop on Fiscal Federalism.

Fiva, Jon H. (2007)

Does Welfare Policy Affect Residential Choices? An Empirical Investigation Accounting for Policy Endogeneity

[Academic lecture]. First World Meeting of the Public Choice Society.

Fiva, Jon Hernes (2006)

Does Welfare Policy Affect Residential Choices? Evidence from a Natural Experiment

[Academic lecture]. 8th ZEW Summer Workshop on 'EU Countries in Fiscal Competition.

Fiva, Jon Hernes (2006)

New Evidence on the Effect of Fiscal Decentralization on the Size and Composition of Government Spending

[Academic lecture]. European Public Choice Society Meeting.

Fiva, Jon Hernes (2006)

New Evidence on the Effect of Fiscal Decentralization on the Size and Composition of Government Spending

[Academic lecture]. Nasjonal forskermøte for økonomer.

Fiva, Jon Hernes & Rønning, Marte (2005)

Property Taxation as a Determinant of School District Efficiency [Vitenskapelig foredrag]

[Academic lecture]. Annual Meeting of the European Public Choice Society (EPCS).

Fiva, Jon Hernes & Rønning, Marte (2005)

Property Taxation as a Determinant of School District Efficiency

[Academic lecture]. 27th Annual National Economist Meeting,.

Fiva, Jon Hernes & Rønning, Marte (2005)

Property Taxation as a Determinant of School District Efficiency

[Academic lecture]. American Public Choice Society Meeting,.

Fiva, Jon Hernes & Rattsø, Jørn (2005)

Decentralization with Property Taxation to Improve Incentives: Evidence from Local Governments’ Discrete Choice

[Academic lecture]. Research Workshop on Political Economy at Harvard U..

Fiva, Jon Hernes & Rattsø, Jørn (2005)

‘Decentralization with Property Taxation to Improve Incentives: Evidence from Local Governments’ Discrete Choice’

[Academic lecture]. 61st International Tax and Public Finance Conference,.

Fiva, Jon Hernes (2005)

‘New Evidence on Fiscal Decentralization and the Size of Government’

[Academic lecture]. 4th Norwegian-German seminar on Public Economics,.

Akademisk grad
År Akademisk institusjon Grad
2006 Norwegian University of Science and Technology Ph.D Dr. Oecon.
2003 Norwegian University of Science and Technology Master Cand. Polit.
2000 Norwegian University of Science and Technology Bachelor
Arbeidserfaring
År Arbeidsgiver Tittel
2014 - Present Norwegian Business School Professor
2011 - Present BI Norwegian Business School Associate professor
2007 - 2010 University of Oslo, Department of Economics Post-doctoral fellow
2006 - 2007 Statistics Norway, Research Department Researcher
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